The Hindenburg’s Interior: Passenger Decks

Dining Room of Airship Hindenburg.

Dining Room of Airship Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

The interior spaces on the Hindenburg were divided into three main areas:

The passenger accommodation aboard Hindenburg was contained within the hull of the airship (unlike Graf Zeppelin, whose passenger space was located in the ship’s gondola).

passenger-decks-profile

Passenger Decks: profile view. (Drawing courtesy of David Fowler)

hindenburg-cutaway-web

Passenger accommodations on Hindenburg.

Cutaway

Cutaway Views Of Hindenburg Passenger Area

The passenger space was spread over two decks, known as “A Deck” and “B Deck.”

“A” Deck on Hindenburg

Deck plan of LZ-129 Hindenburg showing "A" Deck, from 1936 DZR brochure.  (Airships.net collection)

Deck plan of LZ-129 Hindenburg showing “A” Deck, from 1936 DZR brochure. (Airships.net collection)

Hindenburg’s “A Deck” contained the ship’s Dining Room, Lounge, Writing Room, Port and Starboard Promenades, and 25 double-berth inside cabins.

The passenger accommodations were decorated in the clean, modern design of principal architect Professor Fritz August Breuhaus, and in a major improvement over the unheated Graf Zeppelin, passenger areas on Hindenburg were heated, using forced-air warmed by water from the cooling systems of the forward engines.

Dining Room

Hindenburg’s Dining Room occupied the entire length of the port side of A Deck. It measured approximately 47 feet in length by 13 feet in width, and was decorated with paintings on silk wallpaper by Professor Otto Arpke, depicting scenes from Graf Zeppelin’s flights to South America.

The tables and chairs were designed by Professor Fritz August Breuhaus using lightweight tubular aluminum, with the chairs upholstered in red.

Dining Room of Airship Hindenburg  (Airships.net collection)

Dining Room of Airship Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

Dinner on the Hindenburg

Dining on the Hindenburg

Dining Room of Hindenburg, with Port Promenade  (Airships.net collection)

Dining Room of Hindenburg, with Port Promenade (Airships.net collection)

Lounge

On the starboard side of A Deck were the Passenger Lounge and Writing Room.

Passenger Lounge

Passenger Lounge (Airships.net collection)

The Lounge was approximately 34 feet in length, and was decorated with a mural by Professor Arpke depicting the routes and ships of the explorers Ferdinand Magellan, Captain Cook, Vasco de Gama, and Christopher Columbus, the transatlantic crossing of LZ-126 (USS Los Angeles), the Round-the-World flight and South American crossings of LZ-127 Graf Zeppelin, and the North Atlantic tracks of the great German ocean liners Bremen and Europa.  The furniture, like that in the dining room, was designed in lightweight aluminum by Professor Breuhaus, but the chairs were upholstered in brown. During the 1936 season the Lounge contained a 356-pound Blüthner baby grand piano, made of Duralumin and covered with yellow pigskin.

Two views of the Lounge, showing portrait of Hitler and the ship's duralumin piano.  (The stewardess is Emilie Imhof, who was killed at Lakehurst in 1937.)

Two views of the Lounge, showing portrait of Hitler and the ship’s duralumin piano.  (The stewardess is Emilie Imhoff, who was killed at Lakehurst in 1937.) (LZ Archiv)

The piano was removed before the 1937 season and was not aboard Hindenburg during it’s last flight.  [Read more about the piano aboard the Hindenburg.]

Passenger Lounge

Passenger Lounge (Airships.net collection)

Passenger Lounge

Passenger Lounge (Airships.net collection)

Passenger Lounge on the Airship Hindenburg

Passenger Lounge on the Airship Hindenburg, showing promenade windows. (Airships.net collection)

Writing Room

Next to the lounge was a small Writing Room.

Writing and Reading Room of LZ-129 Hindenburg

Writing Room (Airships.net collection)

The walls of the Writing Room were decorated with paintings by Otto Arpke depicting scenes from around the world:

Some of the Otto Arpke paintings aboard Hindenburg

Some of the Otto Arpke paintings aboard Hindenburg

Passenger Cabins on Hindenburg

Passenger Cabin aboard Hindenburg

Passenger Cabin aboard Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

Hindenburg was originally built with 25 double-berthed cabins at the center of A Deck, accommodating 50 passengers.  After the ship’s inaugural 1936 season, 9 more cabins were added to B Deck, accommodating an additional 20 passengers. The A Deck cabins were small, but were comparable to railroad sleeper compartments of the day.  The cabins measured approximately 78″ x 66″, and the walls and doors were made of a thin layer of lightweight foam covered by fabric.  Cabins were decorated in one of three color schemes — either light blue, grey, or beige — and each A Deck cabin had one lower berth which was fixed in place, and one upper berth which could be folded against the wall during the day.

Passenger Cabin aboard Hindenburg

Passenger Cabin aboard Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

Each cabin had call buttons to summon a steward or stewardess, a small fold-down desk, a wash basin made of lightweight white plastic with taps for hot and cold running water, and a small closet covered with a curtain in which a limited number of suits or dresses could be hung; other clothes had to be kept in their suitcases, which could be stowed under the lower berth. None of the cabins had toilet facilities; male and female toilets were available on B Deck below, as was a single shower, which provided a weak stream of water “more like that from a seltzer bottle” than a shower, according to Charles Rosendahl. Because the A Deck cabins were located in the center of the ship they had no windows, which was a feature missed by passengers who had traveled on Graf Zeppelin and had enjoyed the view of the passing scenery from their berths.

Promenades On either side of A Deck were promenades, featuring seating areas and large windows which could be opened in flight.

The Promenade aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg

Starboard Promenade aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg, next to the Lounge. (Airships.net collection)

Passenger decks of Hindenburg

Passenger decks of Hindenburg, showing promenade windows (Airships.net collection)

“B” Deck on Hindenburg

B Deck on Hindenburg, located directly below A Deck, contained the ship’s kitchen, passenger toilet and shower facilities, the crew and officers’ mess, and a cabin occupied by Chief Steward Heinrich Kubis (containing a door to the keel corridor, which was the only connection between passenger and crew spaces).

Passenger Decks (before 1936-1937 refit).  Drawing courtesy of David Fowler.

Passenger Decks before 1936-1937 refit (Drawing courtesy of David Fowler)

During the winter of 1936-1937, while the ship was laid up in Frankfurt, additional passenger cabins were also added in Bay 11, just aft of ring 173.  The new cabins had windows offering an outside view, and were slightly larger than the cabins on A Deck.  The additional weight of these new cabins was made possible by the unexpected (and unwelcome) need to operate the ship with hydrogen, which has greater lifting power than the helium for which Hindenburg had been designed.

1937 B Deck cabins.  (Drawing courtesy Patrick Russell, "Faces of the Hindenburg" blog.)

B Deck, showing 1937 cabins. (Drawing courtesy Patrick Russell, “Faces of the Hindenburg” blog, based on 1937 DZR brocure.)

The Smoking Room

Pressurized Smoking Room aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg

Smoking Room aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

Perhaps most surprising, aboard a hydrogen airship, there was also a smoking room on the Hindenburg. The smoking room was kept at higher than ambient pressure, so that no leaking hydrogen could enter the room, and the smoking room and its associated bar were separated from the rest of the ship by a double-door airlock.  One electric lighter was provided, as no open flames were allowed aboard the ship. The smoking room was painted blue, with dark blue-grey leather furniture, and the walls were decorated with yellow pigskin and illustrations by Otto Arpke depicting the history of lighter-than-air flight from the Montgolfiers’s balloon to the Graf Zeppelin.  Along one side of the room was a railing above sealed windows, through which passengers could look down on the ocean or landscape passing below.

Pressurized Smoking Room aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg

Smoking Room aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg (Airships.net collection)

The smoking room was perhaps the most popular public room on the ship, which is not surprising in an era in which so many people smoked.

Smoking Room

Pressurized Smoking Room aboard LZ-129 Hindenburg, showing door to the bar, with the air lock doors beyond. (Airships.net collection)

The Bar

Hindenburg Bar

Hindenburg Bar (LZ Archiv)

The Hindenburg’s bar was a small ante-room between the smoking room and the air-lock door leading to the corridor on B-Deck.  This is where Hindenburg bartender Max Schulze served up LZ-129 Frosted Cocktails (gin and orange juice) and Maybach 12 cocktails (recipe lost to history), but more importantly, it is where Schulze monitored the air-lock to ensure that no-one left the smoking room with burning cigarattes, cigars, or pipes. Schulze had been a steward and bartender aboard the ocean liners of the Hamburg-Amerika Line and was well liked by Hindenburg passengers, even if he was surprisingly unfamiliar with basic American cocktails such as the Manhattan. The bar and smoking room were also the scene of a raucous party on the Hindenburg’s maiden voyage to America, where passenger Pauline Charteris improvised a kirschwasser cocktail after the ship ran out of gin for martinis.

Cocktails aboard the Hindenburg

Cocktails aboard the Hindenburg (LZ Archiv)

For the interior of Hindenburg’s hull, where crew spaces were located, and the inside of the ship’s control car, visit:

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